Unified View of Magnetic Nanoparticle Separation under Magnetophoresis
11 August 2020

The migration process of magnetic nanoparticles and colloids in solution under the influence of magnetic field gradients, which is also known as magnetophoresis, is an essential step in the separation technology used in various biomedical and engineering applications.

Many works have demonstrated that in specific situations, separation can be performed easily with the weak magnetic field gradients created by permanent magnets, a process known as low-gradient magnetic separation (LGMS). Due to the level of complexity involved, it is not possible to understand the observed kinetics of LGMS within the classical view of magnetophoresis. Our experimental and theoretical investigations in the last years unravelled the existence of two novel physical effects that speed up the magnetophoresis kinetics and explain the observed feasibility of LGMS. Those two effects are (i) cooperative magnetophoresis (due to the cooperative motion of strongly interacting particles) and (ii) magnetophoresis-induced convection (fluid dynamics instability originating from inhomogeneous magnetic gradients). In this feature article, we present a unified view of magnetophoresis based on the extensive research done on these effects. We present the physical basis of each effect and also propose a classification of magnetophoresis into four distinct regimes. This classification is based on the range of values of two dimensionless quantities, namely, aggregation parameter N* and magnetic Grashof number Grm, which include all of the dependency of LGMS on various physical parameters (such as particle properties, thermodynamic parameters, fluid properties, and magnetic field properties). This analysis provides a holistic view of the classification of transport mechanisms in LGMS, which could be particularly useful in the design of magnetic separators for engineering applications.

This article was highlighted as the Editor's Choice in ACS Publications.  

Unified View of Magnetic Nanoparticle Separation under Magnetophoresis
Sim Siong Leong, Zainal Ahmad, Siew Chun Low, Juan Camacho, Jordi Faraudo*, and JitKang Lim*. 
Langmuir  2020Publication Date:June 18, 2020. 

Unified View of Magnetic Nanoparticle Separation under Magnetophoresis


Hits: 713
Bioactive materials for therapy and diagnosis

Unified View of Magnetic Nanoparticle Separation under Magnetophoresis

Also at ICMAB

  • Recombinant Human Epidermal Growth Factor/Quatsome Nanoconjugates: A Robust Topical Delivery System for Complex Wound Healing

    22 June 2021 48 hit(s) Biomaterials
    A multitude of microparticles and nanoparticles is developed to improve the delivery of different small drugs and large biomolecules, which are subject to several hindering biological barriers that limit their optimal biodistribution and therapeutic effects. Here, a soft, reliable, and scalable method based on compressed CO2 is reported for obtaining nanoconjugates of recombinant human epidermal growth factor and nanovesicles called quatsomes, where the latter consists of cholesterol and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide.These nanoconjugates exhibit appropriate values of the major critical quality attributes of colloidal nanomedicines, such as controlled and narrow nanoscopic particle size distribution (which play important roles in determining their stability), drug loading, drug release, drug protection, targeting ability, and bioactivity.
  • In vivo soft tissue reinforcement with bacterial nanocellulose

    11 May 2021 293 hit(s) Biomaterials
    The use of surgical meshes to reinforce damaged internal soft tissues has been instrumental for successful hernia surgery; a highly prevalent condition affecting yearly more than 20 million patients worldwide. Intraperitoneal adhesions between meshes and viscera are one of the most threatening complications, often implying reoperation or side effects such as chronic pain and bowel perforation.
  • Limbal Stem Cells on Bacterial Nanocellulose Carriers for Ocular Surface Regeneration

    13 April 2021 405 hit(s) Biomaterials
    Limbal stem cells (LSCs) are already used in cell‐based treatments for ocular surface disorders. Clinical translation of LSCs‐based therapies critically depends on the successful delivery, survival, and retention of these therapeutic cells to the desired region. Such a major bottleneck could be overcome by using an appropriate carrier to provide anchoring sites and structural support to LSC culture and transplantation.
  • Impact of Chemical Composition on the Nanostructure and Biological Activity of α-Galactosidase-Loaded Nanovesicles for Fabry Disease Treatment

    02 April 2021 436 hit(s) Biomaterials
    Fabry disease is a rare lysosomal storage disorder characterized by a deficiency of α-galactosidase A (GLA), a lysosomal hydrolase. The enzyme replacement therapy administering naked GLA shows several drawbacks including poor biodistribution, limited efficacy, and relatively high immunogenicity in Fabry patients.An attractive strategy to overcome these problems is the use of nanocarriers for encapsulating the enzyme. Nanoliposomes functionalized with RGD peptide have already emerged as a good platform to protect and deliver GLA to endothelial cells.
  • Radiolabeled Cobaltabis(dicarbollide) Anion–Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites for In Vivo Bioimaging and Boron Delivery

    23 March 2021 430 hit(s) Biomaterials
    A carbon-based hybrid nanocomposite, which consists of monoiodinated boron-cluster derivatives covalently attached to graphene oxide, is hereby introduced. This GO-I-COSAN has been synthesized using a novel boron-rich cobaltabis(dicarbollide) precursor with one iodide group attached to one of the boron atoms of the cluster (I-COSAN) and designed to be subsequently labeled with radioactive 124I for its use in positron emission tomography (PET).

INSTITUT DE CIÈNCIA DE MATERIALS DE BARCELONA, Copyright © 2020 ICMAB-CSIC | Privacy Policy | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.