SCIENTIFIC HIGHLIGHTS

Metallacarboranes on the Road to Anticancer Therapies: Cellular Uptake, DNA Interaction, and Biological Evaluation of Cobaltabisdicarbollide [COSAN]−
02 January 2019
Fuentes, I. , García‐Mendiola, T. , Sato, S. , Pita, M. , Nakamura, H. , Lorenzo, E. , Teixidor, F. , Marques, F. and Viñas, C. (2018), Metallacarboranes on the Road to Anticancer Therapies: Cellular Uptake, DNA Interaction, and Biological Evaluation of Cobaltabisdicarbollide [COSAN]. Chem. Eur. J..

doi:10.1002/chem.201803178

After uptake by U87 MG and A375 cancer cells, cobaltabisdicarbollide [COSAN]distributes between membrane and nucleus and presents no relevant cytotoxicity against both cell lines even for long incubation times. The cytotoxicity of Na[COSAN] was also tested towards one normal cell line, the V79 fibroblasts, in order to ascertain the noncytotoxic profile of the compound. As the cell's nucleus contains DNA, the interaction between [COSAN] and double‐stranded calf thymus DNA (CT‐dsDNA) has been investigated. There is a strong interaction between both molecules forming a nanohybrid CT‐dsDNA‐[COSAN] biomaterial, which was fully characterized. Moreover, Na[COSAN] shows characteristic redox peaks ascribed to the oxidation/reduction of Co3+/2+ at a formal potential of −1.444 V and it can be accumulated at a surface‐immobilized DNA layer of glassy carbon electrodes. The equilibrium surface‐binding constants (Kox/Kred), which confirm that [COSAN] interacts with DNA by an intercalative or electrostatic mode, depending on the ionic strength of the solution, were estimated. In addition, high binding affinity of Na[COSAN] to proteins was observed by 11B{1H} NMR and confirmed in vivo. Finally, biodistribution studies of [COSAN] in normal mice were run. After administration, Na[COSAN] was distributed into many organs but mainly accumulated in the reticuloendothelial system (RES), including liver and spleen. After 1 h, the formation of aggregates by plasma protein interaction plays a role in the biodistribution profile; the aggregates accumulate mostly in the lungs. Na[COSAN], which displays low toxicity and high uptake by relevant cancer cells accumulating boron within the nucleus, could act as a suitable compound for further developments as boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) agents.

High-fidelity tissue engineering of patient-specific auricles for reconstruction of pediatric microtia and other auricular deformities.
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Bioactive materials for therapy and diagnosis

Metallacarboranes on the Road to Anticancer Therapies: Cellular Uptake, DNA Interaction, and Biological Evaluation of Cobaltabisdicarbollide [COSAN]−



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