Major research efforts are being carried out for the technological advancement to an energetically sustainable society. However, for the full commercial integration of electrochemical energy storage devices, not only materials with higher performance should be designed and manufactured but also more competitive production techniques need to be developed.
The laser processing technology is well extended at the industrial sector for the versatile and high throughput modification of a wide range of materials. In this work, a method based on laser processing is presented for the fabrication of hybrid electrodes composed of graphene nanowalls (GNWs) coated with different transition-metal oxide nanostructures for electrochemical capacitor (EC) applications. GNW/stainless steel electrodes grown by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition were decorated with metal oxide nanostructures by means of their laser surface processing while immersed in aqueous organometallic solutions. The pseudocapacitive nature of the laser-induced crystallized oxide materials prompted an increase of the GNW electrodes' capacitance by 3 orders of magnitude, up to ca. 28 F/cm3 at 10 mV/s, at both the positive and negative voltages. Finally, asymmetric aqueous and solid-state ECs revealed excellent stability upon tens of thousands of charge-discharge cycles.
Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems
Boost of Charge Storage Performance of Graphene Nanowall Electrodes by Laser-Induced Crystallization of Metal Oxide Nanostructures
Yasmín Esqueda-Barrón, Angel Pérez Del Pino, Pablo García Lebière, Arevik Musheghyan-Avetisyan, Enric Bertran-Serra, Enikö György, Constantin Logofatu
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 21;13(15):17957-17970. Doi: 10.1021/acsami.1c00951. 2021 Erratum in: ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2021 May 20;: PMID: 33843185.
Ordered arrays of metal nanoparticles offer new opportunities to engineer light–matter interactions through the hybridization of Rayleigh anomalies and localized surface plasmons. The generated surface lattice resonances exhibit much higher quality factors compared to those observed in isolated metal nanostructures. Template-induced colloidal self-assembly has already shown a great potential for the scalable fabrication of 2D plasmonic meta-molecule arrays, but the experimental challenge of controlling optical losses within the repeating units has so far prevented this approach to compete with more standard fabrication methods in the production of high-quality factor resonances.
Electrodeposited iridium oxide (K1.7IrO0.8 (OH)2.2 × 1.8 H2O; also called IrOx) is among the best substrates for neural growth, decreasing impedance and stimulating cell growth, when used as a connected electrode. Without direct contact, it has been proven to stimulate neurons through a bipolar mechanism related to the conducting character of the material in the presence of remote electric fields.
Lattice plasmons, i.e., diffractively coupled localized surface plasmon resonances, occur in long-range ordered plasmonic nanostructures such as 1D and 2D periodic lattices. Such far-field coupled resonances can be employed for ultrasensitive surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), provided they are spectrally matched to the excitation wavelength.
Second sound is known as the thermal transport regime where heat is carried by temperature waves. Its experimental observation was previously restricted to a small number of materials, usually in rather narrow temperature windows. We show that it is possible to overcome these limitations by driving the system with a rapidly varying temperature field. High-frequency second sound is demonstrated in bulk natural Ge between 7 K and room temperature by studying the phase lag of the thermal response under a harmonic high-frequency external thermal excitation and addressing the relaxation time and the propagation velocity of the heat waves. These results provide a route to investigate the potential of wave-like heat transport in almost any material, opening opportunities to control heat through its oscillatory nature.
Incorporation of one or two o-carborane moieties at the backbone of the pyrazole ring was achieved by lithiation and nucleophilic addition onto the corresponding 3,5-dimethyl-1-(2-toluene-p-sulfonyloxyethyl)pyrazole. Two monosubstituted carboranyl pyrazoles (L2 and L3) and one disubstituted carboranyl pyrazole (L4) were synthesized and fully characterized. All new compounds, and the corresponding monosubstituted phenylderivative (L1) behave as N-type ligands upon coordination with CuI to afford different polynuclear Cu(I) compounds 1–4. Compounds 1–4 were fully characterized and their molecular structures were determined by X-ray diffraction. It is noteworthy that whereas the pyrazolylphenyl ligand L1, without o-carborane, provides a 1D coordination polymer (1), ligands containing carborane, L2–L3, affords 0D coordination compounds 2 and 3, and disubstituted carboranyl pyrazole ligand L4 gives rise to a 3D coordination polymer.