The layered perovskite YBaCuFeO5 (YBCFO) is considered one of the best candidates to high-temperature chiral multiferroics with strong magnetoelectric coupling. In RBaCuFeO5 perovskites (R: rare-earth or Y) A-site cations are fully ordered whereas their magnetic properties strongly depend on the preparation process. They exhibit partial cationic disorder at the B-site that generates a magnetic spiral stabilized through directionally assisted long range coupling between canted locally frustrated spins.
Moreover the orientation of its magnetic spiral can be critical for the magnetoelectric response of this chiral magnetic oxide. We have synthesized and studied YBaCuFe1-xMnxO5 samples doped with Mn, with the aim of increasing spin-orbit coupling effects, and found that the overall Fe/Cu cation disorder at the B-sites can be increased by doping without changing the sample preparation process. In YBaCuFe1-xMnxO5 samples prepared under the same conditions, the T-x magnetic phase diagram have been constructed in the range 10 K-500 K combining magnetometry, X-ray and neutron powder diffraction measurements. The tilting angles of the spins in the collinear, θcol, and spiral phases, θspiral, barely vary with temperature. In the collinear phase θcol is also independent of the Mn content. In contrast, the presence of Mn produces a progressive reorientation of the plane of the magnetic helix in the incommensurate phase, capable to transform the helicoidal spin ordering into a cycloidal one, which may critically determine the ferroelectric and magnetoelectric behavior in these compounds. Some of the observations are of interest for engineering and developing this family of potential high-temperature multiferroics.
Oxides for new-generation electronics
Tuning the tilting of the spiral plane by Mn doping in YBaCuFeO5 multiferroic
Xiaodong Zhanga, Arnau Romaguera, Oscar Fabelo, Francois Fauth, Javier Herrero-Martín, José Luis García-Muñoz
About ten years after ferroelectricity was first reported in doped HfO2 polycrystalline films, there is tremendous interest in this material and ferroelectric oxides are once again in the spotlight of the memories industry. Great efforts are being made to understand and control ferroelectric properties. Epitaxial films, which have fewer defects and a more controlled microstructure than polycrystalline films, can be very useful for this purpose. Epitaxial films of ferroelectric HfO2 have been much less investigated, but after the first report in 2015 significant progress has been achieved.
We report here a structural study of RBaMn2O6 (R=La, Pr, and Nd) compounds by means of synchrotron radiation x-ray powder diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The three compounds are A-site ordered perovskites adopting the prototypical tetragonal structure at high temperature. A ferromagnetic transition is observed in the LaBaMn2O6 sample and the lattice parameters undergo anisotropic changes at TC related to the orientation of the magnetic moments.
We report the synthesis and theoretical study of two new colorimetric chemosensors with special selectivity and sensitivity to Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions over other metal cations in the CH3CN/H2O solution. Compounds (E)-4-((2-nitrophenyl)diazenyl)-N,N-bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)aniline (A) and (E)-4-((3-nitrophenyl)diazenyl)-N,N-bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)aniline (B) exhibited a drastic color change from yellow to colorless, which allows the detection of the mentioned metal cations through different techniques.
Early detection of diabetes, a worldwide health issue, is key for its successful treatment. Acetone is a marker of diabetes, and efficient, non-invasive detection can be achieved with the use of nanotechnology. In this paper we investigate the effect of acetone adsorption on the electronic properties of silicon nanowires (SiNWs) by means of density functional theory.
The development of advanced piezoelectric α‐quartz microelectromechanical system (MEMS) for sensing and precise frequency control applications requires the nanostructuration and on‐chip integration of this material on silicon material.