Stability of radical-functionalized gold surfaces by self-assembly and on-surface chemistry
Tobias Junghoefer, Ewa Malgorzata Nowik-Boltyk, J. Alejandro de Sousa, Erika Giangrisostomi, Ruslan Ovsyannikov, Thomas Chassé, Jaume Veciana, Marta Mas-Torrent, Concepció Rovira, Núria Crivillers and Maria Benedetta Casu *
We have investigated the radical functionalization of gold surfaces with a derivative of the perchlorotriphenylmethyl (PTM) radical using two methods: by chemisorption from the radical solution and by on-surface chemical derivation from a precursor.
We have investigated the obtained self-assembled monolayers by photon-energy dependent X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Our results show that the molecules were successfully anchored on the surfaces. We have used a robust method that can be applied to a variety of materials to assess the stability of the functionalized interface. The monolayers are characterized by air and X-ray beam stability unprecedented for films of organic radicals. Over very long X-ray beam exposure we observed a dynamic nature of the radical–Au complex. The results clearly indicate that (mono)layers of PTM radical derivatives have the necessary stability to withstand device applications.
A push–pull-functionalized stilbene has been prepared, with an electroactive perchlorotriphenylmethyl (PTM˙) radical and dimethylamine units as electron-withdrawing and -donating moieties, respectively, showing an electrocatalytic redox-induced Z → E isomerization where the open-shell nature of PTM˙ plays a key role in the isomerization ocurrance.
Probing nanoscale electrical properties of organic semiconducting materials at the interface with an electrolyte solution under externally applied voltages is key in the field of organic bioelectronics. It is demonstrated that the conductivity and interfacial capacitance of the active channel of an electrolyte‐gated organic field‐effect transistor (EGOFET) under operation can be probed at the nanoscale using scanning dielectric microscopy in force detection mode in liquid environment.
The aggregation of α-synuclein is a critical event in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases, such as Parkinson or Alzheimer. Here, we present a label-free sensor based on an Electrolyte-Gated Organic Field-Effect Transistor (EGOFET) integrated with microfluidics that allows for the detection of amounts of α-synuclein in the range from 0.25 pM to 25 nM. The lower limit of detection (LOD) measures the potential of our integrated device as a tool for prognostics and diagnostics.
The lack of long‐term stability in thin films of organic semiconductors can often be caused by the low structural stability of metastable phases that are frequently formed upon deposition on a substrate surface. Here, thin films of 2,7‐dioctyloxybenzothieno[3,2‐b]benzothiophene (C8O‐BTBT‐OC8) and blends of this material with polystyrene by solution shearing are fabricated.
The occurrence of isostructural conducting radical cation salts of diversely substituted tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) precursors with the same anion is most often limited to very similar derivatives such as tetramethyl-tetrathiafulvalene (TMTTF) and tetramethyl-tetraselenafulvalene (TMTSF).