https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201802120 An optical in situ strategy for the analysis of oxygen diffusion in ultrathin ceria layers with a thickness of 2–10 nm at temperatures between 50 and 200 °C is presented, which allows for the determination of diffusion coefficients. This method is based on the sensitivity of the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of InGaN nanowires to adsorbed oxygen. The oxygen diffusion through an ultrathin CeO2 coating deposited on the InGaN nanowires is monitored by analyzing the transient PL behavior of the InGaN nanowires, which responds to changes of the oxygen concentration in the environment when the corresponding oxygen concentration is established at the CeO2/InGaN interface due to diffusion through the coating. Quantitative evaluation of the oxygen diffusion in CeO2based on a model considering Langmuir Adsorption and recombination yields a diffusion coefficient D of (2.55 ± 0.05) × 10−16 cm2 s−1 at a temperature of 100 °C. Temperature‐dependent measurements reveal an Arrhenius type behavior of D with an activation energy of (0.28 ± 0.04) eV. In contrast, no oxygen diffusion is detected for an ultrathin layer (≥5 nm) of Al2O3, which is known as a poor oxygen ion conductor within the analyzed temperature regime.
Tuneable and low cost molecular electronics
Optical Analysis of Oxygen Self‐Diffusion in Ultrathin CeO2 Layers at Low Temperatures
When we speak of nanometric water films on surfaces we are speaking about a truly ubiquitous phenomenon in nature. All surfaces exposed to ambient conditions are covered by a thin film of water that affects or mediates surface chemistry, general physical-chemical processes on surfaces, and even solid–solid interactions.
Electrocrystallization of tetramethyl-bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene (TM-BEDT-TTF) (1) as pure (S,S,S,S) and (R,R,R,R) enantiomers in the presence of (n-Bu4N)2(Mo6O19) and chloroform or bromoform afforded a series of four isostructural enantiopure radical cation salts [(S/R)-1]9(Mo6O19)5·(CHX3)2 (X = Cl, Br) crystallizing in the trigonal non-centrosymmetric space group R32.
The dramatic consequences that the orientation adopted by the molecular dipoles, in diverse arrays of chloroaluminum phthalocyanine (ClAlPc) on Au(111), have on the ulterior adsorption and growth of C60 are explored by means of an all scanning probe microscopy approach. The unidirectional downwards organization of the molecular dipoles at the first layer reduces charge transfer from the metal to C60. Imbalance between attractive and repulsive interactions of the fullerenes are crucial for their ordered supramolecular aggregation.
To date, crystallization studies conducted in space laboratories, which are prohibitively costly and unsuitable to most research laboratories, have shown the valuable effects of microgravity during crystal growth and morphogenesis. Herein, an easy and highly efficient method is shown to achieve space-like experimentation conditions on Earth employing custom-made microfluidic devices to fabricate 2D porous crystalline molecular frameworks.
Layered group V transition-metal trichalcogenides are paradigmatic low-dimensional materials providing an ever increasing series of unusual properties. They are all based on the same basic building units, one-dimensional MX3 (M = Nb, Ta; X = S, Se) trigonal-prismatic chains that condense into layers, but their electronic structures exhibit significant differences leading to a broad spectrum of transport properties, ranging from metals with one, two, or three charge density wave instabilities to semimetals with potential topological properties or semiconductors.