Transfer printing is one of the key nanofabrication techniques for the large‐scale manufacturing of complex device architectures. It provides a cost‐effective and high‐throughput route for the integration of independently processed materials into spatially tailored architectures.
Furthermore, this method enables the fabrication of flexible and curvilinear devices, paving the way for the fabrication of a new generation of technologies for optics, electronics, and biomedicine. In this work, hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) membranes are used as water soluble adhesives for transfer printing processes with improved performance and versatility compared to conventional silicone alternatives. The high‐water solubility and excellent mechanical properties of HPC facilitate transfer printing with high yield for both metal and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) inks. In the case of metal inks, crack‐free stripping of silver films and the simple fabrication of Moiré Plasmonic architectures of different geometries are demonstrated. Furthermore, HPC membranes are used to transfer print carbon nanotube films with different thicknesses and up to 77% transparency in the visible and near infrared region with potential applications as transparent conductive substrates. Finally, the use of prepatterned HPC membranes enables nanoscale patterning of CNT with feature resolution down to 1 µm.
Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems
Hydroxypropyl Cellulose Adhesives for Transfer Printing of Carbon Nanotubes and Metallic Nanostructures
Camilla Dore, Bernhard Dörling, Juan Luis Garcia‐Pomar, Mariano Campoy‐Quiles, Agustín Mihi
The discovery of novel high-performing materials such as non-fullerene acceptors and low band gap donor polymers underlines the steady increase of record efficiencies in organic solar cells witnessed during the past years. Nowadays, the resulting catalogue of organic photovoltaic materials is becoming unaffordably vast to be evaluated following classical experimentation methodologies: their requirements in terms of human workforce time and resources are prohibitively high, which slows momentum to the evolution of the organic photovoltaic technology.
Major research efforts are being carried out for the technological advancement to an energetically sustainable society. However, for the full commercial integration of electrochemical energy storage devices, not only materials with higher performance should be designed and manufactured but also more competitive production techniques need to be developed.
Recently synthesized hexagonal group IV materials are a promising platform to realize efficient light emission that is closely integrated with electronics. A high crystal quality is essential to assess the intrinsic electronic and optical properties of these materials unaffected by structural defects. Here, we identify a previously unknown partial planar defect in materials with a type I3 basal stacking fault and investigate its structural and electronic properties.
The advanced materials industry is one of the leading technology sectors worldwide. The development of such materials is at the core of the technological innovations and has been possible in the last century thanks to the transition from “observational” science to “control” science.
Transition metal carbides have gathered increasing attention in energy and electrochemistry applications, mainly due to their high structural and physicochemical properties. Their high refractory properties have made them an ideal candidate coating technology and more recently their electronic similarity to the platinum group has expanded their use to energy and catalysis. Here, we demonstrate that the nanostructuring and stoichiometry control of the highest melting point material to this date (Ta-Hf-C) results in outstanding electrochemical stability.