01 January 2016

We have used low-field 
1H nuclear-magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and molecular dynamics (MD) to investigate the aggregation dynamics of magnetic particles in ionic ferrofluids (IFFs) in the presence of magnetic field gradients. At the beginning of the experiments, the measured NMR spectra were broad and asymmetric, exhibiting two features attributed to different dynamical environments of water protons, depending on the local strength of the field gradients. Hence, the spatial redistribution of the magnetic particles in the ferrofluid caused by the presence of an external magnetic field in a time scale of minutes can be monitored in real time, following the changes in the features of the NMR spectra during a period of about an hour. As previously reported [Heinrich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011, 106, 208301], in the homogeneous magnetic field of a NMR spectrometer, the aggregation of the particles of the IFF proceeds in two stages. The first stage corresponds to the gradual aggregation of monomers prior to and during the formation of chain-like structures. The second stage proceeds after the chains have reached a critical average length, favoring lateral association of the strings into hexagonal zipped-chain superstructures or bundles. In this work, we focus on the influence of a strongly inhomogeneous magnetic field on the aforementioned aggregation dynamics. The main observation is that, as the sample is immersed in a certain magnetic field gradient and kept there for a time τinh, magnetophoresis rapidly converts the ferrofluid into an aggregation state which finds its correspondence to a state on the evolution curve of the pristine sample in a homogeneous field. From the degree of aggregation reached at the time τinh, the IFF sample just evolves thereafter in the homogeneous field of the NMR spectrometer in exactly the same way as the pristine sample. The final equilibrium state always consists of a colloidal suspension of zipped-chain bundles with the chain axes aligned along the magnetic field direction.

Hits: 4641
Oxides for new-generation electronics

Effects of magnetic field gradients on the aggregation dynamics of colloidal magnetic nanoparticles

Also at ICMAB

  • Stabilization of the Ferroelectric Phase in Epitaxial Hf1–xZrxO2 Enabling Coexistence of Ferroelectric and Enhanced Piezoelectric Properties

    18 June 2021 228 hit(s) Oxides
    Systematic studies on polycrystalline Hf1–xZrxO2 films with varying Zr contents show that HfO2 films are paraelectric (monoclinic). If the Zr content is increased, films become ferroelectric (orthorhombic) and then antiferroelectric (tetragonal). HfO2 shows very good insulating properties and it is used in metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect devices, while ZrO2 shows good piezoelectric properties, but it is antiferroelectric. In between, Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 shows good ferroelectric properties at the expense of poorer insulating and piezoelectric properties than HfO2 and ZrO2, respectively.
  • Epitaxial Ferroelectric HfO2 Films: Growth, Properties, and Devices

    25 May 2021 243 hit(s) Oxides
    About ten years after ferroelectricity was first reported in doped HfO2 polycrystalline films, there is tremendous interest in this material and ferroelectric oxides are once again in the spotlight of the memories industry. Great efforts are being made to understand and control ferroelectric properties. Epitaxial films, which have fewer defects and a more controlled microstructure than polycrystalline films, can be very useful for this purpose. Epitaxial films of ferroelectric HfO2 have been much less investigated, but after the first report in 2015 significant progress has been achieved.
  • Structure and phase transitions in A-site ordered RBaMn2O6(R=Pr,Nd) -perovskites with a polar ground state

    14 May 2021 258 hit(s) Oxides
    We report here a structural study of RBaMn2O6 (R=La, Pr, and Nd) compounds by means of synchrotron radiation x-ray powder diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The three compounds are A-site ordered perovskites adopting the prototypical tetragonal structure at high temperature. A ferromagnetic transition is observed in the LaBaMn2O6 sample and the lattice parameters undergo anisotropic changes at TC related to the orientation of the magnetic moments.
  • Tuning the tilting of the spiral plane by Mn doping in YBaCuFeO5 multiferroic

    23 April 2021 328 hit(s) Oxides
    The layered perovskite YBaCuFeO5 (YBCFO) is considered one of the best candidates to high-temperature chiral multiferroics with strong magnetoelectric coupling. In RBaCuFeO5 perovskites (R: rare-earth or Y) A-site cations are fully ordered whereas their magnetic properties strongly depend on the preparation process. They exhibit partial cationic disorder at the B-site that generates a magnetic spiral stabilized through directionally assisted long range coupling between canted locally frustrated spins.
  • New Sensitive and Selective Chemical Sensors for Ni2+ and Cu2+ Ions: Insights into the Sensing Mechanism through DFT Methods

    09 April 2021 370 hit(s) Oxides
    We report the synthesis and theoretical study of two new colorimetric chemosensors with special selectivity and sensitivity to Ni2+ and Cu2+ ions over other metal cations in the CH3CN/H2O solution. Compounds (E)-4-((2-nitrophenyl)diazenyl)-N,N-bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)aniline (A) and (E)-4-((3-nitrophenyl)diazenyl)-N,N-bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)aniline (B) exhibited a drastic color change from yellow to colorless, which allows the detection of the mentioned metal cations through different techniques.

INSTITUT DE CIÈNCIA DE MATERIALS DE BARCELONA, Copyright © 2020 ICMAB-CSIC | Privacy Policy | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.