SCIENTIFIC HIGHLIGHTS

18 October 2013

18-10-2013 10-51-02

 

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013
DOI: 10.1039/C3TA13118A

 

In this work, different electrodes consisting of a layer of nanostructured binderless carbon supported on a stainless steel (SS) mesh have been developed and tested as cathodes for Li–air batteries. Inverse opal (IO) carbons were developed using poly(styrene-co-methacrylic acid) (PS-MAA) spheres of different sizes as templates via a resorcinol–formaldehyde sol–gel process. The resulting electrodes, which were mechanically stable and easy to manipulate, were electrochemically tested at both 25 and 60 °C by galvanostatic cycling in an ionic liquid-based electrolyte (0.3 M LiTFSI in PYR14TFSI). Different ratios of co-monomers used in the preparation of the template polymeric spheres to control their size significantly influenced the resulting surface area, pore volume and pore distribution in IO carbons of different macropore size. From the electrochemical characterisation, transverse trends in reversibility and rate capability were identified depending on the macropore size of the inverse opal carbon. Smaller pores favor a better charge–discharge reversibility. Large pores contribute to an improved rate capability and large capacity, which are likely due, respectively, to deeper oxygen diffusion into the electrode, and to larger pore bottlenecks.

 

 

 

Hits: 8914
Sustainable energy conversion & storage systems

Effects of architecture on the electrochemistry of binder-free inverse opal carbons as Li–air cathodes in an ionic liquid-based electrolyte



Also at ICMAB

  • Accelerating organic solar cell material's discovery: high-throughput screening and big data

    Information
    11 June 2021 229 hit(s) Energy
    The discovery of novel high-performing materials such as non-fullerene acceptors and low band gap donor polymers underlines the steady increase of record efficiencies in organic solar cells witnessed during the past years. Nowadays, the resulting catalogue of organic photovoltaic materials is becoming unaffordably vast to be evaluated following classical experimentation methodologies: their requirements in terms of human workforce time and resources are prohibitively high, which slows momentum to the evolution of the organic photovoltaic technology.
  • Boost of Charge Storage Performance of Graphene Nanowall Electrodes by Laser-Induced Crystallization of Metal Oxide Nanostructures

    Information
    08 June 2021 218 hit(s) Energy
    Major research efforts are being carried out for the technological advancement to an energetically sustainable society. However, for the full commercial integration of electrochemical energy storage devices, not only materials with higher performance should be designed and manufactured but also more competitive production techniques need to be developed.
  • Unveiling Planar Defects in Hexagonal Group IV Materials

    Information
    01 June 2021 258 hit(s) Energy
    Recently synthesized hexagonal group IV materials are a promising platform to realize efficient light emission that is closely integrated with electronics. A high crystal quality is essential to assess the intrinsic electronic and optical properties of these materials unaffected by structural defects. Here, we identify a previously unknown partial planar defect in materials with a type I3 basal stacking fault and investigate its structural and electronic properties.
  • Battery Materials Design Essentials

    Information
    21 May 2021 378 hit(s) Energy
    The advanced materials industry is one of the leading technology sectors worldwide. The development of such materials is at the core of the technological innovations and has been possible in the last century thanks to the transition from “observational” science to “control” science.
  • Study of nanostructured ultra-refractory Tantalum-Hafnium-Carbide electrodes with wide electrochemical stability window

    Information
    04 May 2021 305 hit(s) Energy
    Transition metal carbides have gathered increasing attention in energy and electrochemistry applications, mainly due to their high structural and physicochemical properties. Their high refractory properties have made them an ideal candidate coating technology and more recently their electronic similarity to the platinum group has expanded their use to energy and catalysis. Here, we demonstrate that the nanostructuring and stoichiometry control of the highest melting point material to this date (Ta-Hf-C) results in outstanding electrochemical stability.

INSTITUT DE CIÈNCIA DE MATERIALS DE BARCELONA, Copyright © 2020 ICMAB-CSIC | Privacy Policy | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.